Lasik is a kind of refractive surgery that ophthalmologists perform on the eye to correct eye defects such as myopia, astigmatism and hyperopic. The eye surgery is usually done by the eye surgeons with the help of the laser. Wavefront lasik surgery is highly preferred over other procedures as it provides lots of benefits to the patient. The patients recover at a faster rate in Lasik surgery when compared to the other forms of eye surgery. Wavefront lasik is one of the type of surgery in this category. These surgeries are generally performed as an alternative to wearing lens and glasses.

Wavefront lasik is the most preferred method for eye surgery because of its accuracy and perfection. This surgery is performed with the help of the wavefront sensor that works with the help of the computer-controlled laser. It helps in achieving a perfect eye during the surgery. Though the success rate depends on the experience of the ophthalmologist, lasik surgery is found to be better than other forms of eye surgery.

Like most of the surgeries, various pre-operative techniques need to be followed before undergoing wavefront lasik surgery. The patient is generally advised to stop wearing contact lenses 6-20 days before undergoing a lasik surgery. The patient’s cornea is generally observed by the ophthalmologist with the help of a pachymeter to determine the course of treatment. The irregularities that are found in the cornea are also determined such as astigmatism and myopia.

The wavefront lasik surgery does not generally require anesthesia; however, a mild sedative is given most of the time. The patient will remain conscious and awake while the surgery is performed. Wavefront lasik is generally performed in three steps: flap creation, laser remodeling and flap repositioning. A corneal suction ring is first placed in the eye and then the flap is created. This can be sometimes uncomfortable to the patient, which is the reason for the mild sedative.

The second step of the procedure is laser remodeling, which is done in a finely-controlled manner. The laser removes layers of tissue in the eye, thus making it comfortable for the ophthalmologist to operate. This process increases the rate of visual recovery and causes less pain when compared to the other kinds of techniques. The vision of the patient may appear blurred when the flap is repositioned during the wavefront lasik surgery.

The stoma layer in the eye is reshaped and the corneal defects are corrected with the help of the laser technique. After this process, the ophthalmologist carefully repositions the flap. A few precautions need to be taken while closing the flap during the eye surgery. The surgeon needs to be careful and check for air bubbles and debris while closing the flap. Proper healing occurs only when the flap is positioned properly.

Post-operative care usually involves the prescription of antibiotics and anti-inflammatory eye drops. After the wavefront lasik surgery, the patient is generally advised to sleep for a longer period of time and eye shields are provided to the patient in order to reduce dry eye after the surgery. Proper post- operative care is necessary for a successful surgery. Hence the surgeon should insist on the importance of proper care to the patient.

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